Juicing: how it’s done

There’s a big difference in texture, flavour and nutritional value between blended and extracted juice, and the equipment you use makes that difference.

Although you can use a blender to make a smoothie, it can’t extract pure juice from your ingredients. Different types of juicer use different ways of extracting juice; there are four main types of machine:-

Extracting juice: squeeze, spin or press?

  • Centrifugal system

    Most home juicers are centrifugal and spin the ingredients at high speed, like clothes in your washing machine. Juice is forced out of the fruit or vegetables, leaving the pulp behind.

  • Masticating system

    These ‘chew’ ingredients slowly, breaking up the plant cells to extract their juices and leaving a drier pulp. They can be used to process a wider variety of fruits and vegetables, and are also able to produce foods such as nut butter, baby food, pasta and sorbets.

  • Twin gear system

    Fruits and vegetable are crushed between two interlocking roller gears, which results in a slowly-extracted juice that is full of trapped vitamins and minerals that have been released from the rolling action. The twin gear machine is slower than the masticating juicer and can also also homogenize a variety of foods.

  • Norwalk Hydraulic Juicing Press

    Named for juicing pioneer Norman Walker, this is the perfect and, naturally, most expensive juicing machine. Often used for commercial purposes, this powerful machine will produce 50-100% more juice than other machines. It also chops ingredients for salads, makes seed butters, baby foods, frozen desserts and grinds coffee beans and grains into flour.